Philosophy and Learning Theories

Posted: December 7, 2010 in Uncategorized

Constructionism is a theory that individuals learn by creating mental or tangible models to help them better understand the world around them and is also known as experimental learning. This means that people learn really well by seeing things that they create with their minds or hands and often includes trial and error.

Connectivism is a learning process that revolves around the fact that information exists in the world outside of our heads. It’s generally used in computer terms as “a learning theory for the digital age.” This is shown in today’s society through the use of information engines like Google and Wikipedia to gather knowledge.

Constructivism is a theory that says people generate knowledge and understanding from personal experiences. We see this in infants as a link between experiences and their reflexes/behavior patterns. The theory is trying to say that people will often learn things from their daily interactions and then use what they learned for future reference.

Instructionism is a theory that individuals will learn by being told how to do things or what the meaning of something is. Interaction between others will help improve the level of understanding.

I think that in the KPE field Constructivism is the most important theory because in sports you’re constantly learning how to improve through experience. For example: A defensive end is having trouble covering the tight end on a certain route, but after trying it a couple of times, he’ll start to understand it better and be able to see how to properly cover his man.

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Clay Shirky, author of Here Comes Everybody, said that Americans since the time of the industrial revolution have had issues dealing with how extra (surplus) time is spent. He also mentioned that the creation of the sitcom during World War II has led to an even higher amount of time spent watching meaningless television shows, rather than doing something productive. According to a study done by A.C. Nielsen Co., “The average American watches over 4 hours of tv a day. In a 65-year life, that person will have spent 9 years glued to the tube” (“Television & health,2007). I think that there would be a huge increase in knowledge generation if Americans used even a tiny fraction of this time doing something useful like sharing ideas using social media like blogs and Twitter, or just associating with friends, family or colleagues.

If Americans could learn to take time away from their tv consumption, I’m sure that great things could be accomplished. Watching less tv can only be beneficial in a country with an alarming obesity rate and has education as the lowest ranked industry. Taking the time to do something productive is bound to show improvement in these areas because you’re using your brain and actually collaborating with others in the hopes of creating something of importance. Using Web 2.0 for this purpose could generate untold ideas and innovations that might possibly shape future technology and potentially enhance the standard of living.

Course ID: “What did we do with that free time? Well, mostly we panicked and we spent it watching tv” (Shirky). I feel that he was correct in saying that because even today, decades after the invention of television, we still fall back on it for burning up time we don’t know how to spend. What do most people do when they have free time? There are a multitude of options, but television is the one that applies to almost every individual in any situation.

Clay Shirky’s Video, Where Do People Find The Time: Part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyoNHIl-QLQ&feature=related

Part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNCblGv0zjU&feature=related

Sources:

Television & health. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.csun.edu/science/health/docs/tv&health.html

Prep Paper

Posted: September 19, 2010 in Prep Papers

After looking at the reading by David Warlick, http://davidwarlick.com/wiki/pmwiki.php?n=Main.EducatorsGuideToBlogging, the part that caught my eye was when he recounted a story about the author of a popular blog and whether it was legitimate information or merely a hoax. It made me think about how easy it would be to manipulate people using the internet because many people in our world today don’t second guess the information that’s presented to them, they accept it and move on. Sites like Wikipedia, great as they are for information gathering, are still susceptible to having people simply log in and change any information on any article they choose.

Kids today generally accept the information they find without question and often times the first place they search is Wikipedia or Google. Most of the time, the information they find is true and relevant, but they should learn to question the answers they come upon; double-check the facts against multiple places. I can’t say that I haven’t also done this, but it seems as though teachers haven’t exactly hammered the point that you can’t trust everything you hear and I believe that it should be talked about more.

“They were seeking and discussing information about the information, rather than accepting the information” (Warlick). This quote was interesting to me because it seems like what the point of a blog is, defined in terms that average people will understand. So, will blogging lead to a better understanding of information presented to us?

My KPE Blog

Posted: September 14, 2010 in Uncategorized

This is my first time blogging and I’m a bit unsure of what exactly takes place in a blog, but here it goes. Being a KPE major at the University of Maine, this blog caught my attention because the information presented was very intriguing. The premise of this experiment was to determine if physical activity increases mental productivity and the results were pretty amazing. Check out this blog and video to see for yourselves…

http://powertolearn.typepad.com/teacher_tech_blog/2010/04/get-kids-moving-to-better-grades.html

Please take a minute to complete this short, 1 question survey if you’re involved in the KPE/exercise science field.

http://www.surveygizmo.com/s3/377067/Is-Technology-Useful-in-the-KPE-Field